In the United States, half the individuals who have glaucoma don’t know they have it. 4 million Americans have glaucoma, but lack of awareness and the absence of symptoms can be a reason many with the disease to go undetected. Glaucoma have great effect on blindness, vision loss, and other sight issues. Glaucoma can damage the optic nerve, that transfers visual images to your brain from fluid build up in your eyes, eminence pressure. Some ethnic groups are at higher risk then others, in order such as Black Americans, others of Americans, White Americans and last Hispanics.
WHAT IS GLAUCOMA
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can cause vision loss and blindness by damaging a nerve in the back of the eye called the optic nerve. Symptoms can start so slowly that you may not notice. The only way to find out if you have glaucoma is to get a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Note that there is not a cure for glaucoma, but early treatment can often stop the damage and protect your vision.
KINDS OF GLAUCOMA
The types of glaucoma, while there are different kinds, but the most common in the USA is called open-angle glaucoma. Other kinds which are less common are the closure glaucoma and congenital glaucoma.
Glaucoma usually does not have an initial symptom. One of the reasons most people with glaucoma have little to know knowledge that they have it. Suddenly slow lose of vision, usually starting with your peripheral vision, mainly the vision that’s nearest your nose. Many people begin to notice the disease once it begins to worsen and you can’t see as well.
Without treatment glaucoma can eventually cause blindness
Higher risk individuals are over age 60
Blacks and Hispanic/Latino over age 40
Those with family history
WHAT IS THE CAUSE FOR GLAUCOMA
There is no scientific proof of what is the cause of glaucoma, most glaucoma patients notice high eye intraocular pressure and most treatment that assist with lowering eye pressure to help slow the disease. The is no scientific way of preventing glaucoma. That’s why annual exam are very important as you begin to age.
There are different types of treatments for glaucoma:
Glaucoma is a very serious disease, and proper treatment can work well. If you are having trouble with your vision or experiencing vision loss. See your doctor.