Home Healthcare Definitions

Non-Medical Home Care – Assistance with Activities of Daily Living, homemaking, companionship and other non-medical in home care. These services are available for hire after, or in conjunction with, Medicare certified services. Private payment, Medicaid and Veterans Benefits are a few of the ways personal care can be paid for.
24 Hour Care – Refers to “around the clock treatment” in a home environment. The care may be shared by multiple caregivers or by a single caregiver.
Med Alert – Company offers a pendent or home alert system that notifies staff that user is in distress and needs immediate assistance.
24 Hours On Call – Refers to someone being available twenty-four hours a day to speak with you.
Enteral Feeding – Enteral feeding, or tube feeding, is a way to deliver nutrients through a tube if you cannot take food or drink through your mouth.
Hospice – Hospices provide individuals facing terminal illness with care at home or in a healthcare facility. The goal is to assist patients to live the last stage of their lives with dignity. The focus is on comfort rather than treatment.
Diabetic Care – Refers to services including patient assessment specific diet information, management of the disease process, medication management and education on all priors. Services are provided by Registered Nurse under the supervision of a M.D. Some agencies may have certified diabetic nurse instructors or cardiac care specialty RN’s.
Intravenous Therapy – Refers to any medical treatments medications that need to be introduced into the body via a patient’s veins. Numerous IV therapies can be provided in a patient’s home under supervision of a MD, Some of these include: inter-infective/antibiotic therapies, hydration therapy, pain management, chemotherapy and central line care and maintenance.
Cardiac Care – Refers to services including patient assessment, specific diet information, and management of the disease process, medication management and education. Cardiac care is a program designed to help a person with heart disease return to health. Cardiac care may consist of exercise, modifying risk factors to prevent further heart damage, or psychological rehabilitation.


Therapy Services (ST, PT, OT, RT) 

  • Speech Therapy – Refers to services to assess and treat speech and swallowing disorders. Speech therapy can treat speech, language, cognitive skills or swallowing.
  • Physical Therapy – Refers to services for the treatment and the rehabilitation process where a physical therapist will often stretch, strengthen, facilitate muscles, challenge balance, test coordination abilities, teach home exercise programs and enhance basic mobility skills.
  • Occupational Therapy – Refers to services to assess and treat patients to improve their ability to perform tasks in their daily living and working environments. Patients may have mental, physical, developmental, or emotional disabilities. Therapists also help them to develop, recover, or maintain daily living and work skills. Occupational therapists help clients not only to improve their basic motor functions and reasoning abilities, but also to compensate for permanent loss of function.
  • Respiratory Therapy – Refers to services for care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilator support, bronchi pulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways. 
Wound Care – Refers to services for providing diagnosis and treatment for ulcers, pressure sores and other wounds. Treatments may include but is not limited to irrigations, dressing, and wound vacs. Some agencies may employ specialty nurses to provide and instruct in care specifically for patients with more complicated wounds.
Psychiatric Care – Refers to the agencies’ ability to offer services related to psychiatric support with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illness. Services may include counseling or administering of medications.
Trach Care – Refers to care administered to patients who have undergone a tracheotomy. A tracheotomy is a surgical procedure in which a cut or opening is made in the windpipe (trachea). The surgeon inserts a tube into the opening to bypass an obstruction, allowing air to get to the lungs, or remove secretions.
Social Worker – A clinical social worker whose purpose in health care is to enhance, promote, maintain, and restore the best possible social abilities of the patient or family. Services provided may be preventive, developmental, or remedial in nature.

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